gastric ulcer, Causes, Symptoms, and treatment, Heartburn


gastric ulcer, Causes, Symptoms, and treatment, Heartburn

Gastric or peptic ulcer

 It is the second most common type of gastric ulcer. The cause of this injury is a decrease in the thickness of this thick mucus layer. This moist layer protects the stomach wall from the acid in the stomach, but when this layer is thin, the acid begins to melt the gastric wall, causing it to become injured. Gastric or peptic ulcer: It is not difficult to treat gastric ulcer, but neglect can lead to severe pain and complications.


 Causes of gastric ulcer

Before starting treatment for ulcers, it is important to know the following causes:

Helicobacter pylori or H pylori bacterial infection

Prolonged use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory drugs are also known as NSAIDs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen;

In very few people, it is caused by a sick condition called Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. This causes a large amount of acid to build up in the patient’s body.

Symptoms of gastric ulcer

Immediate measures should be taken to treat the ulcer if the following symptoms appear:

Mild but annoying pain or discomfort in the stomach;


Nausea or vomiting;


Feeling full after eating a little

Sour belching, feeling of stomach upset;


Pain that is reduced by eating, drinking, or taking antacids;

Anemia is anemia that causes fatigue, shortness of breath, and pale complexion;

Black bloody stools And

Bloody or coffee-like vomiting.

If any of the above symptoms are present, the doctor should be consulted immediately to treat the ulcer.

The medical diagnosis of ulcers


Ulcers are treated depending on the presence and severity of the symptoms. Your doctor will carefully review your medical history for a proper medical examination and will also recommend the following tests for your medical diagnosis to assess the nature and severity of your symptoms.

Blood, stool, or breath tests to rule out the possibility of H. pylori infection.

For a breath test, you will first be given a clear liquid to drink and then you will be asked to wrap your breath in a plastic envelope which is immediately sealed to determine the amount of carbon dioxide in the air. If there is an H. pylori infection, then the amount of carbon dioxide in the exhaled breath is higher than normal.

Barium swallow 

In this test, you will take an X-ray by drinking a solution mixed with barium sulfate powder. A thin layer of barium sulfate penetrates the walls of the stomach and intestines, making it easier to detect any defects in these walls in the X-ray.

Endoscopy or EGD

 A bright thin tube is inserted through your mouth into the stomach and small intestine. The camera at its tip can be used to observe the internal condition of the stomach and intestines.

Treatment of ulcers

Ulcer treatment largely depends on the cause. Cancer is often treated with available medications, but sometimes surgery may be needed. Most importantly, ulcer treatment should be started immediately.


  If your abdomen ulceration is caused by Associate in Nursing H, pylori infection, then in addition to antibiotics, you will be given medications that slow down or stop the process of producing stomach acid. At the same time, the doctor will forbid you to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.


Medications given to treat ulcers may also have some side effects, such as:


Mali 3

to feel dizziness;



And abdominal pain.

In rare cases, surgery is rarely needed to treat ulcers. It is needed when the ulcer:

Happens again and again

Not well

It started bleeding

Perforate the stomach And

Because of this, food could not enter the small intestine from the stomach.

 By surgery

All the ulcers are cut out. Or

A healthy piece of the intestine is cut and transplanted into the gastric ulcer. Or

The bleeding area is closed with stitches;

The nerves that go to the stomach are knotted to reduce the production of acid there.

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